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Mâcon-Charnay Francileu 2020

Mâcon-Charnay Francileu 2020

The Wine: Mâcon-Charnay Francileu 2020 Jean Manciat Mâcon-Charnay Francileu is a white natural wine made from 100% Chardonnay grapes from the Mâconnais region within Burgundy, France. The vines are from 30 to 35 years old grown on a gentle, stony slope of clay-limestone soils. Direct pressed followed by 24-48 hours cooling of the juices. Native yeast fermentation with nine months aging in stainless steel tanks. 3 grams of sulfur added at pressing and 50-70mg at bottling. The Producer: Jean Manciat "We know the Mâconnais well. Denyse Louis’ family comes from this area, has vineyards with the coop in Lugny and we own a home there. We knew the coop and négociant wines that dominate the Mâconnais and the American marketplace, but it was a 1986 Mâcon from a small artisanal estate that was the revelation and the start to our search for comparable wines from other regions. We take special pride in our selections from the Mâconnais, our local wines. Some of the coops produce millions and millions of bottles. Jean Manciat’s vineyards can be toured on foot in a few minutes (5.5 hectares). When Manciat took over his family estate, he immediately left the coop in Charnay. He replanted extensively but kept as many of the old vines as possible. The yields average less than 50 hectoliters/hectare (the coops routinely harvest twice as much) and the picking is done by hand (a tradition totally lost around here except at the best Mâcon estates). Manciat prunes his Chardonnay vines in the Côte d’Or fashion (taille Guyot), leaving a shorter cane that is less productive. The Mâconnais style of pruning is to bend a long cane into an arc, but Manciat finds the quality much higher with a shorter cane. Manciat is also experimenting with various agricultural techniques, such as sowing particular varieties of grass between rows, to eliminate the use of herbicides and alleviate soil erosion. He uses a type of old rootstock that he finds ideally suited to the chalky soil of the Mâconnais and replants with a mix of clones and grafts taken from old vines in the Pouilly-Fuissé area. Manciat has a passion for wines fermented and aged in oak barrels, and uses a fair amount of new wood for his Vieilles Vignes cuvée and his minuscule production of Saint-Véran. But the Mâcon-Charnay and the single vineyard "Franclieu" are made in stainless-steel vats, to express the fruity, floral aromas and flinty minerality that characterize the best Chardonnay in the region. The Region: Mâconnais The Mâconnais is located in the southernmost part of Burgundy, stretching from Sennecey-le-Grand and Saint-Vérand for about 24 miles. The Mâconnais borders with the Saône valley (west), with the Grosne valley (east), and with Beaujolais (south); its capital is the city of Mâcon. The Mâconnais is home to a plethora of regional appellations such as Mâcon, Mâcon-Villages, Bourgogne, Bourgogne Aligoté, Bourgogne Passe-Tout-Grains, Coteaux Bourguignons and Crémant de Bourgogne. There also are several Appellations Villages, specific to a hamlet - Pouilly-Fuissé, Pouilly-Loché, Pouilly-Vinzelles, Saint-Véran, Viré-Clessé. Vineyards are sparse and planted on hillsides; the main varietals are Pinot Noir and Gamay for red wines, Chardonnay for white wines. Wine production in the Mâconnais dates back a thousand years, deeply influenced by the work of Benedectine monks. The Terroir of Mâconnais The climate of Mâconnais is much warmer than the rest of Burgundy; spring frost is quite rare and generally speaking grape ripen fully with every vintage. The soil is the typical limestone which can be found all over Burgundy., The Region: Mâconnais

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